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Publications about physical activity
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Publications about physical activity

The documents below relate to key issues, progress and events of relevance to OxHA.
Engage inactive communities | 1.4 MB
13 Oct 2009 | 'How to engage inactive communities in physical activity: top tips from the BHFNC 8th Annual Conference' is a booklet of practical ‘tips’. The ideas presented were put forward by delegates and the workshop facilitators during the workshop discussions at the British Heart Foundation National Centre for Physical Activity and Health annual conference 2008. It includes generic tips for people working across groups, and also specific tips for engaging key target groups, e.g. people with disabilities, girls and young women, older adults, people with mental ill-health, black and minority ethnic communities and socially deprived communities.
Community strategies to prevent diabetes
24 Jul 2009 | This document, 'Recommended community strategies and measurements to prevent obesity in the United States' is by the CDC, in its Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report series.
Epidemiological transition in rural Bangladesh
19 Jun 2009 | This article, ‘Epidemiological transition in rural Bangladesh, 1986–2006’ (Zunaid Ahsan Karar, Nurul Alam and Peter Kim Streatfield) published in Global Health Action (June 2009), charts the changes in mortality profile in Matlab, rural Bangladesh, over a 20-year period. In 1986, non-communicable diseases (cancers, CVD and COPD, etc.) accounted for 8% of deaths, compared to 52% deaths due to communicable diseases (diarrhoea, dysentery, TB and respiratory infections, etc.). By 2006, 68% of all deaths were due to NCD, with communicable disease accounting for just 11% of the total. CVD mortality increased by a massive 3,527%.
National Preventative Health Taskforce | 2.4 MB
28 Apr 2009 | Presentation by Professor Mike Daube, 'The National Preventative Health Taskforce report - making it happen', given at a seminar held by the OxHA Asia-Pacific Centre in partnership with the Menzies Centre for Health Policy on 28 April 2009, entitled 'Our [Australia’s] journey to being the "healthiest country by 2020"'.
Population adiposity and climate change
19 Apr 2009 | International Journal of Epidemiology article by Phil Edwards and Ian Roberts (LSHTM) that estimates the impact on greenhouse gas emissions of increases in the population distribution of body mass index: 'Compared with a normal population distribution of BMI, a population with 40% obese requires 19% more food energy for its total energy expenditure. Greenhouse gas emissions from food production and car travel due to increases in adiposity in a population of 1 billion are estimated to be between 0.4 Giga tonnes (GT) and 1.0 GT of carbon dioxide equivalents per year.'
Mike Pratt OxHA summit 09 | 2.5 MB
16 Apr 2009 | Presentation by Mike Pratt on 'Physical activity', given in the session on 'The three risk factors' at the OxHA summit 09.
Jonathan Horrell summit 09 | 76.0 kB
16 Apr 2009 | Presentation by Jonathan Horrell, Kraft Foods, on the Business4Life initiative, given in a session on 'The role of industry' at the OxHA summit 09.
Obesity and food technology
13 Mar 2009 | A report by the American Council on Science and Health, which discusses using food technology as part of the solution for the public health problem of obesity.
Food and walkability in NYC
01 Mar 2009 | 'Neighborhood food environment and walkability predict obesity in New York City', by Andrew Rundle et al., was published in Environmental Health Perspectives 117(3). It concluded 'Access to BMI-healthy food stores is associated with lower BMI and lower prevalence of obesity.'
Be active, be healthy
11 Feb 2009 | 'Be active, be healthy: a plan for getting the nation moving' is a publication of the UK's Department of Health. It 'establishes a new framework for the delivery of physical activity alongside sport for the period leading up to the London 2012 Olympic Games, Paralympic Games and beyond'. It 'sets out new ideas for Local Authorities and Primary Care Trusts to help determine and respond to the needs of their local populations, providing and encouraging more physical activity, which will benefit individuals and communities, as well as delivering overall cost savings'. According to the document, 'the NHS costs of physical inactivity for every PCT [Primary Care Trust] in England averag[es] £5 million per PCT every year'.
CVD: A focus on China
31 Jan 2009 | The January issue of CVD Prevention and Control (vol 4(1), January 2009) is entitled 'A focus on China'. It is edited by Tsung O. Cheng, and includes articles on a varity of issues, including smoking, diabetes and CVD.
Promoting PA among children
29 Jan 2009 | This guidance from the UK's NICE, ‘Promoting physical activity, active play and sport for pre-school and school-age children and young people in family, pre-school, school and community settings’, is aimed at everyone who has a direct or indirect responsibility for promoting physical activity for children and young people. The recommendations relate to all children and young people up to the age of 18, including those with a medical condition or disability. There is a specific focus on children aged 11 and under and girls aged 11 to 18.
NICE: Physical activity for children
28 Jan 2009 | This guidance, 'Promoting physical activity for children and young people', is for all those who have a direct or indirect role in - and responsibility for - promoting physical activity for children and young people. This includes those working in the NHS, education, local authorities and the wider public, private, voluntary and community sectors. It will also be of interest to parents, grandparents and other carers (including professional carers), children and young people and other members of the public. It includes recommendations for schools, but does not make recommendations for the national curriculum.
Walking patterns and their impact on weight
03 Dec 2008 | This article from the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 89: 19-26 (requires subscription), 'Fifteen-year longitudinal trends in walking patterns and their impact on weight' by Gordon-Larsen et al., is the 'first study to examine the independent effects of walking on long-term weight control.'. It 'monitored young adult men and women for 15 y into middle adulthood, and found that 'walking attenuates weight gain over the 15-y period. The greatest benefit was seen for women with the heaviest baseline weight. For these women, those with the highest walking levels resulted in weight gain < 8 kg over 15 y.'
Toolkit for developing local strategies (UK)
07 Oct 2008 | Entitled 'Healthy Weight, Healthy Lives: A toolkit for developing local strategies', this sizeable (5MB) pdf is 'a toolkit is to help [UK] PCTs and Local Authorities plan, coordinate and implement comprehensive strategies to prevent and manage overweight and obesity. It provides information and tools including useful statistics, practical initiatives, evidence of effectiveness, checklists, frameworks and examples of good practice.'
Fit City in Smartmoves | 1.4 MB
06 Oct 2008 | This short article (at the bottom of the pages) about OxHA's Fit City competition appears in the UK Department of Transport's Smartmoves magazine, issue 5 (October 2008). The full magazine can be found at
Design for play
30 Sep 2008 | This UK document, 'Design for play: a guide for creating successful play spaces', is intended primarily for commissioners and designers of children’s play areas, to support good practice in the development and improvement of public play space. It presents guiding principles, suggested approaches and aims to inspire innovative and creative ideas.
10 Sep 2008 | The Change4Life initiative is a government scheme to bring together multiple stakeholders to help to 'change the lives of families in England by improving their diet, exercise and attitude to good health'. It is a national movement, launched in autumn 2008 before a major publicity campaign starts in January 2009.
Neighbourhood design and physical activity
01 Sep 2008 | The article by Lee and Moudon was published in Building Research & Information 36(5). It surveyed nearly 700 people in Washington state to assess what motivates them to take physical activity (walking/cycling) in their local area – reasons cited include social aspects (knowing neighbours, availability of benches), safety (seeing others walking/cycling, traffic calming, streetlighting, bike lanes), aesthetics (street trees, visual quality of the neighbourhood), available destinations (e.g. shops within walking distance) and availability of sports facilities and bike racks.
The growing cost of obesity: three years on
22 Aug 2008 | In 2006, Access Economics released a report for Diabetes Australia, which was quite conservative in its projections of obesity prevalence and estimates of attributable fractions for conditions associated with obesity. This current report seeks to use new data that have become available subsequently to update the estimates.