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Publications about diet
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Publications about diet

The documents below relate to key issues, progress and events of relevance to OxHA.
Community strategies to prevent diabetes
24 Jul 2009 | This document, 'Recommended community strategies and measurements to prevent obesity in the United States' is by the CDC, in its Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report series.
Epidemiological transition in rural Bangladesh
19 Jun 2009 | This article, ‘Epidemiological transition in rural Bangladesh, 1986–2006’ (Zunaid Ahsan Karar, Nurul Alam and Peter Kim Streatfield) published in Global Health Action (June 2009), charts the changes in mortality profile in Matlab, rural Bangladesh, over a 20-year period. In 1986, non-communicable diseases (cancers, CVD and COPD, etc.) accounted for 8% of deaths, compared to 52% deaths due to communicable diseases (diarrhoea, dysentery, TB and respiratory infections, etc.). By 2006, 68% of all deaths were due to NCD, with communicable disease accounting for just 11% of the total. CVD mortality increased by a massive 3,527%.
National Preventative Health Taskforce | 2.4 MB
28 Apr 2009 | Presentation by Professor Mike Daube, 'The National Preventative Health Taskforce report - making it happen', given at a seminar held by the OxHA Asia-Pacific Centre in partnership with the Menzies Centre for Health Policy on 28 April 2009, entitled 'Our [Australia’s] journey to being the "healthiest country by 2020"'.
Population adiposity and climate change
19 Apr 2009 | International Journal of Epidemiology article by Phil Edwards and Ian Roberts (LSHTM) that estimates the impact on greenhouse gas emissions of increases in the population distribution of body mass index: 'Compared with a normal population distribution of BMI, a population with 40% obese requires 19% more food energy for its total energy expenditure. Greenhouse gas emissions from food production and car travel due to increases in adiposity in a population of 1 billion are estimated to be between 0.4 Giga tonnes (GT) and 1.0 GT of carbon dioxide equivalents per year.'
Fiona Adshead summit 09 | 260.0 kB
16 Apr 2009 | Presentation on 'Non-communicable disease risk factors', given by Dr Fiona Adshead (World Health Organization) at the OxHA summit '09.
Susan Jebb summit 09 | 334.0 kB
16 Apr 2009 | Presentation by Dr Susan Jebb on 'Diet', given as part of the 'Three risk factors' session at OxHA's summit in April 2009.
Jonathan Horrell summit 09 | 76.0 kB
16 Apr 2009 | Presentation by Jonathan Horrell, Kraft Foods, on the Business4Life initiative, given in a session on 'The role of industry' at the OxHA summit 09.
Ounces of prevention
08 Apr 2009 | Subtitled 'The public policy case for taxes on sugared beverages', this article by Kelly Brownell and Thomas Frieden in the New England Journal of Medicine 2009:1, concludes that 'A penny-per-ounce excise tax could reduce consumption of sugared beverages by more than 10%.'
Hungry for change? | 2.8 MB
20 Mar 2009 | This is the Which? 'healthier choices progress report 2009', reporting on a campaign that has been running since 2004 to facilitate healthier food choices.
Obesity and food technology
13 Mar 2009 | A report by the American Council on Science and Health, which discusses using food technology as part of the solution for the public health problem of obesity.
Food and walkability in NYC
01 Mar 2009 | 'Neighborhood food environment and walkability predict obesity in New York City', by Andrew Rundle et al., was published in Environmental Health Perspectives 117(3). It concluded 'Access to BMI-healthy food stores is associated with lower BMI and lower prevalence of obesity.'
Access to healthy foods
01 Feb 2009 | This article, 'Neighborhood Environments: disparities in access to healthy foods in the U.S.', Am J Prev Med 2009;36(1):74–81, is by Nicole I. Larson, Mary T. Story and Melissa C. Nelson. It reviews research relating to the presence, nature, and implications of neighbourhood differences (neighbourhood deprivation, neighbourhood minority composition, and low area population density) for access to food.
CVD: A focus on China
31 Jan 2009 | The January issue of CVD Prevention and Control (vol 4(1), January 2009) is entitled 'A focus on China'. It is edited by Tsung O. Cheng, and includes articles on a varity of issues, including smoking, diabetes and CVD.
Walking patterns and their impact on weight
03 Dec 2008 | This article from the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 89: 19-26 (requires subscription), 'Fifteen-year longitudinal trends in walking patterns and their impact on weight' by Gordon-Larsen et al., is the 'first study to examine the independent effects of walking on long-term weight control.'. It 'monitored young adult men and women for 15 y into middle adulthood, and found that 'walking attenuates weight gain over the 15-y period. The greatest benefit was seen for women with the heaviest baseline weight. For these women, those with the highest walking levels resulted in weight gain < 8 kg over 15 y.'
Toolkit for developing local strategies (UK)
07 Oct 2008 | Entitled 'Healthy Weight, Healthy Lives: A toolkit for developing local strategies', this sizeable (5MB) pdf is 'a toolkit is to help [UK] PCTs and Local Authorities plan, coordinate and implement comprehensive strategies to prevent and manage overweight and obesity. It provides information and tools including useful statistics, practical initiatives, evidence of effectiveness, checklists, frameworks and examples of good practice.'
10 Sep 2008 | The Change4Life initiative is a government scheme to bring together multiple stakeholders to help to 'change the lives of families in England by improving their diet, exercise and attitude to good health'. It is a national movement, launched in autumn 2008 before a major publicity campaign starts in January 2009.
The growing cost of obesity: three years on
22 Aug 2008 | In 2006, Access Economics released a report for Diabetes Australia, which was quite conservative in its projections of obesity prevalence and estimates of attributable fractions for conditions associated with obesity. This current report seeks to use new data that have become available subsequently to update the estimates.
FTC: Marketing food to children | 2.8 MB
30 Jul 2008 | This major report, 'Marketing food to children and adolescents: a review of industry expenditures, activities, and self-regulation', by the Federal Trade Commission is the first accurately to assess the spending by 44 major US food and beverage companies on their marketing to children. In 2006, $1.6 billion was spent on advertising aimed at 2- to 17-year-olds. The report aims to be a benchmark for future years.
Workplace wellness: the food industry | 1.2 MB
24 Jul 2008 | This short brochure, 'Workplace wellness: the food industry in action', from the Food and Drink Federation, is a series of case studies from its member companies, promoting the positive changes they have made to health in their workplaces, including Danone, Mars UK and Tate & Lyle. More information also here:
Obesity prevention in children
30 Jun 2008 | This report, available to read and download free, is a summary of a June 2008 Institute of Medicine (US) workshop on 'Community perspectives on obesity prevention in children'. It describes various locally-based childhood obesity prevention programs, their challenges and promises.